During transcription a DNA sequence is read by an RNA polymerase which produces a complementary anti parallel RNA strand called a primary transcrip view the full answer. Translation reads the genetic code in mRNA and makes a protein.
ANSWER- EXCEPT DNA IS SYNTHESIS ALL OF THE TRUE.
Which of the following processes occurs during transcription?. The enzyme attaches itself to the template strand of DNA and starts reading the genetic code to form RNA with the complementary code. It occurs when the enzyme RNA polymerase binds to a region of a gene called the promoter. A molecule of RNA is formed based on the sequence of nucleotides in DNA.
The first step in their processing is the digestion of the RNA to release individual pre-tRNAs. A mutation is being repaired by the enzymes before translation begins. This copy called a messenger RNA mRNA molecule leaves the cell nucleus and enters the cytoplasm where it directs the synthesis of the protein which it encodes.
A cap is added to the RNA molecule. Before mRNA travels outside the nucleus the mRNA is shortened by cutting out specific sections of mRNA and reattaching the remaining sections back together. The message in mRNA is translated into a protein.
Transcription is the process of making an RNA copy of a gene sequence. B Once transcription has initiated RNA polymerase transcribes until it reaches the end of the chromosome. Which of the following processes occurs in the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell.
Transcription takes place in three steps. Messenger RNA is transcribed from a single gene and transfers information from the DNA in the nucleus to the cytoplasm where protein synthesis takes place. Transcription is the first part of the central dogma of molecular biology.
This signals the DNA to unwind so the enzyme can read the bases in one of the DNA strands. The enzyme is now ready to make a strand of mRNA with a complementary sequence of bases. Initiation elongation and termination.
Here is a more complete definition of transcription. The pre-mRNA molecule undergoes three main modifications. Promoter operator and enhancer regions yellow regulate the transcription of the gene into an mRNA.
C Messenger RNA is transcribed from a single gene and transfers information from the DNA in the nucleus to the cytoplasm where protein synthesis takes place. Which of the following events occurs during transcription. Once researchers identified DNA as the molecule responsible for transmitting heritable traits they asked how information was transferred from the DNA in the nucleus to the site of protein synthesis in the cytoplasm.
A cap is added to the RNA molecule. B Transfer RNA takes information from DNA directly to a ribosome where protein synthesis takes place. DNA replication and translation E.
The message in mRNA is translated into a protein. MRNA binds to a ribosome in the cytoplasm. The processing to convert the pre-tRNA to a mature tRNA involves five steps.
Initiation is the beginning of transcription. The addition of nucleotides to the 3-end of a growing RNA chain during transcription Elongation in Prokaryotes The transcription elongation phase begins with the release of the σ subunit from the polymerase. This process is known as RNA splicing and the resulting modified mRNA is known as mature mRNA.
It occurs when the enzyme RNA polymerase binds to a region of a gene called the promoter. Spliceosomes and snRNPs are excising exons and producing a final mRNA transcript. C RNA polymerase transcribes through the terminator sequence causing the polymerase to separate from the DNA and release the transcript.
Which of the following events occurs during transcription. Regulatory sequence controls when expression occurs for the multiple protein coding regions red. The mRNA untranslated regions blue regulate translation into the final protein products.
The RNA molecule formed as a result of transcription is single-stranded pre messenger RNA pre-mRNA molecule. The steps are illustrated in Figure 2. It is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to messenger RNA mRNA.
The process of transcription is catalysed by an enzyme named RNA polymerase. MRNA binds to a ribosome in the cytoplasm. A molecule of RNA is formed based on the sequence of nucleotides in DNA.
Translation and transcription B. Initiation is the beginning of transcription. A final protein product is being produced at the end of translation.
Unnecessary segments of the mRNA transcript are being removed prior to the start of translation. The product following transcription is known as a primary transcript or pre-mRNA. In archaea and eukaryotes each pre-tRNA is transcribed as a separate transcript.
Those segments of the RNA strand that do not actually code for the protein are removed. During transcription a strand of mRNA is made that is complementary to a strand of DNA. The genetic code is different for different domains of organisms.